The Energy Debate
The debate on energy focuses on the costs and benefits of increasing domestic energy and/or renewable energy. How much money should we devote to renewable energy research & development? Should producing more energy domestically be a priority? Should the US allow oil drilling in national parks? Should the US expand hydraulic fracturing (fracking)?
Official Democratic position
“We can move towards a sustainable energy-independent future if we harness all of America’s great natural resources. That means an all-of-the-above approach to developing America’s many energy resources, including wind, solar, biofuels, geothermal, hydropower, nuclear, oil, clean coal, and natural gas.” The Democratic Party supports efforts to increase renewable energy production in the US and to end subsidies for oil producers.
Official Republican position
“Republicans advocate an all-of-the-above diversified approach, taking advantage of all our American God-given resources.” The party supports opening the Outer Continental Shelf for oil drilling, opening the Keystone XL Pipeline, and opposes the Department of Energy’s renewable energy project Loan Guarantee Program. The party also wants to expand coal production.
The US Department of Energy works with the President to decide energy policies and priorities. The President works with Congress to allocate money to energy Research and Development.
The US gives energy subsidies to many producers to support the energy industry. These are meant to keep prices down for consumers while keeping the industry profitable.
States can allocate resources to promote energy production in their states. 30 states have Renewable Portfolio Standards, which require energy producers to supply a set portion of their electricity from renewable sources.
Energy Policy and Conservation Act 1975 - Established the Strategic Petroleum reserve, established Average Fuel Economy standards, established the Energy Conservation Program for consumer products
Department of Energy Organization Act 1977 - Created the Department of Energy
Energy Policy Act 2005 - Authorized subsidies for alternative energy, increased the amount of biofuel that is mixed with gasoline, extended daylight savings, codified federal reliability standards for the electrical grid
Most Vocal on Energy
These are the candidates who focus on this issue the most, with the most liberal on this issue on the left and the most conservative on this issue on the right. Click on the circles to see more information.
The Spectrum on Energy
These are the candidates who are most liberal, most conservative, and most moderate on this specific issue. Click on each candidate to see more information.